Tourism has been a major social phenomenon of societies across the world. It is driven by the natural urge of every human being for new experiences, and the desire to be both educated and entertained. The motivation for tourism is not limited to entertainment, it also includes religious and business interests. As education spread, it also fostered a desire in people to know more about different parts of the globe.
With the rapid advancements in technology, the communication barriers are getting overcome and it directly leads to the strengthening of human thirst for new experience and knowledge. Tourism expenditure involves a “chain of transaction” of sorts, requiring supply of goods and services from all the affiliated sectors. Similarly, the consumption demand from tourist expenditure brings more employment and creates a multiplier effect on the economy as a whole.
India is known for its rich cultural, historical, religious and natural heritage, and it holds a huge potential for the development of tourism and job creation. Tourism in India broadly classified in North Indian Tourism, East Indian Tourism, West Indian Tourism, and South Indian Tourism. Each part of India offers identifiable differences from the rest of the nation.
Inbound tourism, in India, is booming and the country is going all out to bring more travelers from across the globe. Common perception about India across the world is that it’s still limited to traditions, but on the contrary, the country has been introducing trendy packages and affordable conveyance deals to lure inbound visitors from every section. The creation of niche tourism products like heliport tourism, medical tourism, wellness tourism, adventure tourism, cruise tourism, and caravan tourism has served to widen the net of this sector over the years.
In India, tourism sector has very strong linkage in socio-economic prosperity. The employment potential of tourism sector in India is higher than any other sector. Various studies show that tourism volumes and related receipts like gross domestic product, employment, and export earnings are expected to move away from the developed countries and towards the less developed countries as a result of favorable economic, motivational, technological and policy factor.